Gardening Or Landscaping | gardening

There is Gardening and then there is Landscaping, they both involve planting and the use of outdoor elements; I guess the question would be is it gardening or landscaping? Many people use the word interchangeably but I believe that there are some very distinct differences between. Lets take a look at both and maybe you will then be able to decide.Gardening Or Landscaping
I guess in the grand scheme of things this may not seem that important but to me it does make a big difference. I guess having been a groundskeeper for over 40 years I realize that while I have done both throughout my career that a groundskeeper is more closely related to a gardener that a landscaper is related to a gardener.Gardening
Gardening to me is not just the act of designing and installing gardens it is more like stewardship. A gardener is some one who tends to the plantings nurturing them and watching over them. A gardener is not only concerned about appearance but the underlying things such as soil fertility and how to improve it to optimize the growing conditions and the environment for the plants they are growing.There are many levels of gardening starting with the beginner and progressing all the way up to the Master Gardener the biggest difference between the two is time. A beginner will buy some plants or seed dig a hole and plant them, water them a bit and then wait and hope for the best with luck the beginner will have some success and they will be on their way to becoming a gardener. On the other side of the coin if the plants don’t survive or the seeds don’t grow and the beginner gets frustrated and there hopes of becoming a gardener withers and dies like the ill fated plants and seeds.Once bitten by the gardening bug a beginner will start to research and experiment trying different techniques and formulas all the while gaining experience and knowledge. As with any interest or hobby the more time spent engaged the more expertise will be gained. This of course will not happen overnight but as the years pass the gardener will have gained the expertise to diagnose and solve problems without having to think about it because the vast amount of knowledge they have gained. This is how Master Gardeners become Master Gardeners.Landscaping
When it comes to gardening or landscaping many gardeners can do landscaping but many landscapers can’t garden. Landscaping is more about layout and design then it is about caring and nurturing. When a landscaping project is completed the landscaper is on their way to the next project. The landscaper may come back and replace some plants that died but in general the involvement in the day to day care is left to the gardener.Landscaping relies heavily on function and design more so than upkeep or care. There is a good deal of knowledge required to be a good landscaper aside from plant culture and care. A landscaper deals with site drainage, elevation, and end use of the area. Much of this work entails knowledge of construction materials and practices. Formal training is required to be sure that work meets local and state codes and safety requirements.A gardener who does landscaping will generally draw up a design and work off that to achieve their goals. A landscaper usually will work from a set of plans which outline required specification for materials to be met, as well as exact placement of those materials. In order for the landscaper to successfully complete the project they must be sure the finished project meets all the criteria set out in the plans. So the landscaper must be sure that plants meet the size, shape, and variety when choosing them, and if the plants are not available they can not substitute with out a written change order or they risk not getting paid.So I guess the way to sum up if it is gardening or landscaping is that while both deal with plants and plantings there are many differences in the process and the goals.

Investing in Film As a Non Correlated Asset Class Opportunity For Affluent Investors & Hedge Funds | investing

The term non-correlated asset classes covers a whole range of potential investments, including venture capital, real estate, private equity, and commodities, but also alternative investment strategies.But in today’s economy of crashing public equity markets, defaulting hedge funds, and non-existent real estate plays, one company believes investing in film slates, including theatrical distribution, offers a high yield alternative investment that can be leveraged with tax benefits and multiple sources of revenues including theatrical, DVD, video on demand, cable, and the foreign markets.As a non correlated asset class, films and film finance has outperformed every non correlated asset class in the world if you look at the more than $6 billion dollars poured into motion picture finance deals in the last 3 years, the IRR across the spectrum for both studios and independents are resilient to global economic declines in other industries.When defense contractor Honeywell, New York Hedge Fund Elliot Associates, and Dune Capital invested more than a combined total of more than a billion dollars towards several different film funds, many pension funds, private banks, hedge fund managers, private equity groups, and high net worth investors and family offices started to follow suit enter the movie business.Investors from Wall Street to Silicon Valley to the Middle East to Russia have been parking their money into Hollywood.Anil Ambani, Larry Ellison Of Oracle, Paul Allen Of Microsoft, Steven Rales, Fred Smith of Federal Express, Norman Waitt, the Co-Founder of Gateway Computers, Jeff Skoll Of Ebay, Marc Turtletaub of The Money Store, Roger Marino Of EMC Corp, Sidney Kimmel Of Jones Apparel Group, Minnesota Twins owner Bill Pohlad; Real Estate Developers Tom Rosenberg and Bob Yari, and, financiers Sheikh Waleed Al Ibrahim, Michel Litvak, and Philip Anschutz are all behind the finance of a lot of films that range from box office hits to Academy Award winners.Institutional investors and hedge funds investing in films include Elliot Associate, Stark, Columbus Nova, Bain, Honeywell, and others.Non-correlated investment strategies can be used by investors to neutralize, or counterbalance, the risk that one, or more, of the investments in a traditional portfolio of stocks and bonds falls in value. In order to do this, investors typically place between 5% and 20% of their total investment portfolio into alternative investments to protect the remainder of the portfolio from downside risk.Among the spectrum of asset classes targeted by high net-worth individuals, institutional investors, pension funds or private banks, alternative investments are becoming popular offering more diversification to investors’ portfolios. The benefits of such diversification have been demonstrated by Harry Max Markowitz ( 1990, Nobel Prize in Economics ) in the Modern Portfolio Theory. He proved mathematically that an investor can reduce portfolios’ risks simply by holding instruments which are not perfectly correlated – a correlation coefficient not equal to one. By holding a diversified portfolio, investors should be able to reduce their exposure to individual asset risk.If investors are attracted by alternative investments in their quest of alpha, it is because allocating to alternative investments offers advantages compared with traditional asset classes and diversification to a portfolio âEUR” though involving a certain level of risk.As investors have become more concerned about their risk-adjusted returns, especially in bearish market environments, interest in alternative investment strategies gained momentum.By investing in alternative investments, a portfolio manager or a given investor aims at obtaining performance from the relationships between securities. A non-correlated asset class behaves independently from other securities composing a portfolio. Such investment vehicles allow investors to hedge the risk that an asset falls in value and avoid any snowball effects. One of the main benefits of alternative investment strategies lies in the fact they minimize downside risk.When educated about properly structuring leveraged film finance which may also include U.S. and international tax incentives to minimize the risk many private bankers, sovereign wealth funds, high net worth investors, family offices, and pension plans understand that they are not gambling on one film hoping to win a film festival. When a company is looking to finance 10, 20, 40,50, 75 films there is more than just upside on revenues from each one but a final exit strategy after 5-7 years that can bring 300-400% returns on capital invested.Film, Entertainment, Media, And Hollywood in general seems to be thriving and immune from economic woes. If you look at the theatrical box office receipts and DVD growth of recent films, including ‘Slumdog Millionaire’ or “Twilight” which had zero movie stars, the ROI on these and numerous other films exceed the ROI and revenues of auto manufacturers, real estate, stocks, mutual funds, etc. Primarily because a well made film is not a local commodity that is just bough and sold once but a global one that has revenue potential from more than 50 countries and medias including theatrical, cable, tv, satellite, airline, DVD, and the huge explosion of Video on Demand.While some private equity outfits may balk at the notion that Hollywood is safe this country was built based on blue chip industries and for the retail investors, Wall Street and Real Estate was the path to go. Well, when retail investors as well as institutional investors are transitioning from brick and mortar investments to the film business, the underlying factor is ‘why’?”Some U.S. investors and C corporations are looking for either a strict 100% deduction of their investment under IRS Section 181 or simply being in a portfolio of non correlates investment opportunities. Overseas investors simply want a high yield non-correlated asset class that has long term appreciation such as our hybrid film slate and 100% control over U.S. theatrical distribution.And for smaller retail investors, not including affluent families or ultra high net worth investors, the bridge between film finance, film production, distribution, and technology are converging so that investors see their investment bring an immediate return from the monetization of state tax credits as part of the equity stream,  an upside in a number of films vs. investing in a single picture, possible Section 181 benefits, as well as being involved with creating jobs and stimulating the economy since every film production creates 50-100 jobs.